online database at The coastal ports began to specialize in fishing, international trade, ship building, and whaling after 1780. There were French newspapers; more than 250 came into being and became defunct from the mid-19th century to the 1930s, some lasting months at a time, others remaining for decades. Learn more about Puritanism, its history, and beliefs. Want research guidance from a professional genealogist? Abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips were New Englanders, and the region was home to anti-slavery politicians John Quincy Adams, Charles Sumner, and John P. Hale. Bidwell, Percy. Many of these original records still exist to this day--too many to list here. [64] The advent of automobiles, trucks and buses after 1910 slashed the profits of the New Haven. The National Genealogical Society Quarterly (1912– )NEHGS, 1st Floor Rotunda CS42 .N4 Concentrates on the Mid-Atlantic states. Boston Latin School was founded in 1635 and is the oldest public school in the United States. Many believed that the Church of England had been insufficiently reformed, retaining too much of its Roman Catholic doctrine, and wished to separate from the church. Note: This site used to include numerous links to a variety of sites with content about 17th-century New England, but there were so many links that broke and too many changes to websites listed that it became impossible to keep up properly, and so has been retired, with the … The region's economy gradually began to focus on crafts and trade, in contrast to the Southern colonies whose agrarian economy focused more heavily on foreign and domestic trade. The line went bankrupt in 1935, was reorganized and reduced in scope, went bankrupt again in 1961, and in 1969 was merged into the Penn Central system, which itself went bankrupt. There was even faster growth in trucks from 7,000 to 24,000. On the upper body men wore linen shirts. By David Curtis DearbornSenior Genealogist. Fortunately, our early New England ancestors were avid record keepers and many documents have survived to this day. British troops were forced back to Boston by the local militias on the 19th in the Battles of Lexington and Concord where the famous "shot heard 'round the world" was fired. [45] The increasing specialization of agriculture even led to production of tobacco, a predominantly southern crop, from central Connecticut to northern Massachusetts, where natural conditions were amenable to its growth. Volumes include (all authored by Robert Charles Anderson unless otherwise noted): The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620–1633, 3 vols.NEHGS, 7th Floor Reading Rm F7 .G74 1995; available to NEHGS members as an online database at In the early 17th century they wore a kind of jacket called a doublet with a cape on top. The ‘old’ buildings featured on the tour almost … Article by Antony Joseph. The first European to visit the area was the Portuguese explorer Estêvão Gomes in 1525. [22], The benefits of growth were widely distributed, with even farm laborers better off at the end of the colonial period. The 1860 Census showed that 32 of the 100 largest cities in the country were in New England, as well as the most highly educated. There are a number of published record compilations that can help. Our team of experts can: Hire Research Services today or contact [email protected], 617-226-1233. French-Canadians living in rural Canada were attracted to New England textile mills after 1850,[53][54]and about 600,000 migrated to the U.S., especially to New England. Votes: 4,753. They referred to the region as Norumbega, named for a fabled city that was supposed to exist there. New England remained distinct from the other states in terms of politics, often going against the grain of the rest of the country. Religion In The 17Th Century: Throughout the 17th century, England experiences the somewhat disturbing issues of all the religious disturbances that she went through during the previous century. In 1642, the Massachusetts Bay Colony made education compulsory, and other New England colonies followed. The Original Lists of Persons of Quality, 1600–1700 by John Camden Hotten NEHGS, 7th Floor Reference E187.5 .H68 2012. For example, the Crompton Company, after 178 years in business, went bankrupt in 1984, costing the jobs of 2,450 workers in five states. The conservative Puritan ministers of Connecticut had grown dissatisfied with the more liberal theology of Harvard and wanted their own school to train orthodox ministers. See more ideas about colonial house, historic homes, new england homes. This period of time, therefore, was not only noteworthy in terms of New England's industrial revolution, but also in terms of New England's agricultural revolution. [1] Their principal town was Norridgewock in Maine. Wages went up steadily before 1775, and new occupations were opening for women, including weaving, teaching, and tailoring. 09-may-2012 - There is no better source for historical inspiration than Boston’s Museum of Fine Arts. The New England colonists settled in towns, typically surrounded by 40 square miles of land that were farmed by the individuals who lived in the towns. The textile manufacturing in New England was growing rapidly, which caused a shortage of workers. Overall, it was rather underwhelming. Although “Torrey’s Marriages” is credited with indexing nearly all New England marriages in the seventeenth-century, some exceptions will be addressed in our project, including nonwhite and non-Protestant couples, as well as couples identified in the last fifty years. Meanwhile, industries such as glass, brick making, iron, and coal mining expanded rapidly. Mellen's abrasive tactics alienated public opinion, led to high prices for acquisitions and to costly construction. [17], The New England colonies were settled largely by farmers who became relatively self-sufficient. The Early New England Families Study Project picks up where The Great Migration leaves off. by Charles William Manwaring NEHGS, 5th Floor Stacks, F93 .M29 1904; also available to NEHGS members as an online database at probates for the Hartford District from 1635 to 1750. The main grievance was taxation, which colonists argued could only be imposed by their own legislatures and not by the Parliament in London. 17th-Century Estate in Yorkshire, England, Offers Opportunity for an Income The 6,000-square-foot manor house includes a boutique bed and breakfast 22-23 for women ; 21 for men and 22-23 for women ; 21 men! The kinds of crops that each farm cultivated control of the Puritans created a deeply religious, socially,. 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